Ivan Petrovich Shabelski
Imperial Russian Lietenant, Russian Engineer Corps, Adjustant to Major General d'Avray.
11 June 1813

NOTE: Lietenant Shabelski was awarded the 50 Year Golden Crown to the Pour le Mérite Order on 22 January 1863.




The following information is composed by Students of Local Lore Vladimir F. Kotsarenko and Timur A. Sostin, town Kramatorsk, Donetsk region, Ukraine. April 28 - May 7, 2002.

For more information or if you wish to contact them, please email at tsostin@au.ru or tsostin@yahoo.com

Shabelskiy Ivan P. (Petrovich - son of Peter) - General of Cavalry, was born in 1796. The follower of Polish shlyachtich (Polish gentleman) of Kiev City (Ukraine), Pavel Samuilovich Shabelskiy, who became the national of Russian State since 1686. He took an education at the Primary Institute of Communications Military School. After leaving it in 1811 he in the rank of ensign was graduated into the Military School of Communications' Engineers.

In 1812 Ivan Shabelskiy was sent into 1st West Army, concentrated that time in Drissden camp and was attached to Separate corps of Count Wittgenstein. Taking active part in the sapper and engineer works, he participated in the battles near Klyastitsy, Svolnya, was in the vanguard of Gen-eral Vlasov during the pursuit of French Army to Polotsk, participated in the storm and capture of this town. During the assault I. Shabelskiy under the canister shots of enemy built two pontoon bridges for Russian Forces, by what promoted to their timely arriving to the place of battle and town's cap-ture. As the sapper officer he repeatedly carried out an orders of Staff Head General P.P. d'Auvray, realizing with the volatile detachments the reconnaissances and search within the enemy arrange-ment. During the Campaign of 1812 bravery and administrative ability of I. Shabelskiy were marked off by command. For the merit he took the ranks of senior lieutenant, first lieutenant and the Order of Saint Vladimir of 4th degree with the bow.

Abandoned in Polotsk for the taking of plan of locality, where the battles have took place, Sha-belskiy overtook the Staff near Vilno and right away was appointed in the vanguard as the officer with regard to Quartermastering to the general Shepelev, with whom, pursuing the enemy, went to the territory of Prussia and participated in the battle near Libau, in the capture of Koenigsberg, in the actions near Bransberg, Elbing and others. There he was given the rank of captain. Next year I. Shabelskiy was appointed the adjuvant of General d'Auvray. The last knew I. Shabelskiy as a brave experienced and administrative person, possessing big tactical talent. This talent of I. Shabelskiy was admitted also the King of Prussia Friedrich-Wilhelm, when in the action near Bautzen nineteen-year-old Ivan Shabelskiy have proposed to General d'Auvray the battle plan, based on the flank roundabout moving of French detachment. As d'Auvray hesitated long, the whole Shabelskiy's plan couldn't be put into the action, but, even being realized partly, it had given the positive result. For that Friedrich-Wilhelm has sent I. Shabelskiy the signs of Order "Pour le Merite" and his gratuity "for so laudable qualities of military opinion".

With the General d'Auvray I. Shabelskiy participated in the battles near Lutzen, Bautzen, Dres-den, in the difficult retreat of Russian Forces to Teplitz and then in all actions near Leipzig, had be-ing ended that period of military campaign. For the merit he was awarded by Orders of Saint Ann of 3rd and 2nd degrees and at the rank of captain was transferred into the guards Semenovsky regi-ment.

After the entry of Russian Army into the territory of France i. Shabelskiy had been taking part in the operations near Jeauenville, Nangeay, Bar-Sur-Eab and in the capture of Paris. After the occu-pation with Russian Forces of Paris Shabelskiy had been recommended for a rank of colonel, but refused from this recommendation, guessing himself too young for such rank. The recommendation was canceled, while Ivan Shabelskiy was decorated with Order of Saint Ann of 2nd degree with dia-monds and Gold weapon with the inscription "For bravery".

In 1817 I. Shabelskiy was given the colonelcy and he was transferred for service into the cavalry Derpt's horse-chasseur regiment. Next year he was directed to Warsaw into disposal of Cesarevitch (Russian Crown Prince) for the teaching in riding and for familiarization with input then innovations in front service.

In three years I. Shabelskiy had got under his command Nizhegorodsky dragoon regiment and had taken with it the active part in the Persian War 1826-27, being the head of vanguard in the de-tachment of Count Paskevich. That time I. Shabelskiy had already the rank of Major-General, that was appointed to him shortly before the war beginning. For participation in Persian War he was awarded with Golden sword with diamonds and decorated with Order of Saint Vladimir of 3rd degree. Particularly he had excelled on September, 13th, where he with his dragoons promoted the victory of small Russian detachment over 60000 soldiers of Persian Army, in the expedition across Araks, in the campaign to Nakhichevan, in the siege of Sardar-Abad and in the capture of Erivan. Count Paskevich had been high valuing the intrepid courage, steadfast presence of mind and tactical talent of Ivan Shabelskiy.

After the war Shabelskiy has been appointed commander of 1st brigade of 2nd uhlan division and participated in military operations of 1830-31. After that campaign, in 1833, he has been appointed header of 6th light cavalry division and in 1835 for diligent service he was decorated with Order of Saint Ann of 1st degree and for the merit in service had been promoted to Lieutenant-General. Then he had commanded of 4th and 2nd cavalry divisions, and in 1845 was appointed commander of 3rd (since 1851 renamed into 2nd) reserve cavalry corps. For that period I. Shabelskiy was awarded to many rewards from Russian Emperor and yet more ensured his reputation as an excellent cavalry-man and expert on combatant science. He liked his skill, basing it on serious and deep knowledge. Ivan Shabelskiy had been studying all the branches of military art, aspired to keep his forces in the greatest degree of perfection.

During Hungarian campaign 1849 I. Shabelskiy was in foreign march, but hadn't been taking part in the battles. Before the start of campaign he had been called into Warsaw to Czar for personal explanation about the aim of moving to Galitzia. Expressed to Shabelskiy his full confidence, Rus-sian Emperor has entrusted him the protection of Galitzia and safeguarding of composure there, has given him the right to act quite independently and to sent the daily dispatches directly to His Majesty. As far as Shabelskiy had understood and carried out the Czar's plans, we can judge by that after forces returning and unexpected its examination under Emperor's dictate Shabelskiy had got an extremely complimentary diploma and Order of Alexander Nevsky. Next year Ivan Shabelskiy had been promoted to General of cavalry "for the merit by service" and had been leaved in the former capacity. In 1852 he had been conferred of high Czar's appreciation again and had been decorated with brilliant signs of Order of Alexander Nevsky.

At the beginning of East war I. Shabelskiy was at the siege of Silistria and then had been com-manded of all forces, situated in Moldavian princedom and in Podolsk province, and of cuirassier corps too. In November of 1854 he had been appointed commander of forces on Odessa and its outskirts, and in April of 1855 he'd been entrusted with the detachment, being situated near Eupato-rium (in Crimea). The aim and purpose of this detachment were extremely important - it had to keep the town in severest siege, to not allow enemy to move far inland, to guard the communications of Russian Forces and generally the whole northwestern Crimean coast, to hinder from the enemy's at-tempts - to land troops and to advanced to Perekop, Simferopol or Sevastopol. I. Shabelskiy had been so successfully carried out the problem put by, that even the enemy (the French) subsequently had been surprising to vigilance of his comparatively small detachment, that had been able to keep in inviolability the guarded coastline, and to that quickness, with which this detachment had been set out for the repulse of enemy's attempts to burst through the line of Russian outposts. That year Shabelskiy had been appointed commander of 1st (later - "separate") reserve corps and decorated with Order of Saint Vladimir of 1st degree with swords.

In 1856 I. Shabelskiy had been transferred to the reserve because of health worsening. In 1862 he'd been allowed to wear the uniform of Nizhegorodsky dragoon regiment, and in 1863 he got rare award - the Gold Crown to the Prussian Order "Pour le Mérite", that he has been decorated with fifty years before. Last years of life Ivan Shabelskiy had been living in complete rest and died on 18th of May, 1874.




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