The Crown

On 18 July 1844 the crown attachment was officially established even though 30 years earlier Friedrich Wilhelm III had planned on expanding the Orden into three grades. Friedrich Wilhelm IV authorized the suspended crown device to be presented to and worn by all Pour le Mérite holders that have been members of the Order for fifty years or more.

"The crowns were fashioned in gold by the crown jeweler, Hossauer. The three dimensional Hohenzollern crowns has a wire loop attached between the front and back halves of the crown for the neck suspension ribbon. The crown itself is approximately 17mm wide by 14mm high. And in 1889, a crown was adorned with diamonds as a special award to Field Marshal von Moltke on his fiftieth Pour le Mérite anniversary.

The jeweler Rothe of Vienna manufactured a slightly different form of crown with more shapely lines. The Rothe example measures 16mm by 15mm. It also has a larger suspension loop than the original crowns."*
*from David Edkins The Prussian Orden Pour le Mérite


List of Crown recipients


1844
Weiprecht Hans Karl von Zieten -- 18 July 1844
Moritz Ludwig Wilhelm von Schöler -- 18 July 1844
Count Maximilian Erdmann von Pückler -- 18 July 1844
Count Karl Henckel von Donnersmark -- 18 July 1844
Christian K. Freiherr von der Malsburg -- 18 July 1844
Friedrich Schmied -- 18 July 1844
August F. von Corvin- Wiersbitzki -- 18 July 1844
Hans Friedrich von Beckendorff -- 18 July 1844
Franz Karl Friedreich Ernst von Klüx -- 18 July 1844
Achatius Wilhelm August von Waldow -- 18 July 1844
Heinrich Leopold Heidenreich -- 18 July 1844
Adam Friedrich August von Lindenau -- 18 July 1844
Ernst Ludwig von Normann -- 18 July 1844
Heinrich Ernst Hans von Graevenitz -- 18 July 1844
Ernst Friedrich Wilhelm von Bandemer -- 18 July 1844
Karl Friedrich von Jaski (Köhn) -- 18 July 1844
Gottfried Wilhelm Jochens -- 18 July 1844
Karl Friedrich Wilhelm von Berg -- 18 July 1844
Freiherr Gottlob Johann von Reisewitz -- 18 July 1844
Kaspar Gans Edler Herr zu Puttlitz -- 18 July 1844
Jodokus von Lindern -- 18 July 1844
Hans Christof von Schallern -- 18 July 1844
Johann Gottlieb Edler von Paschwitz -- 18 July 1844
Franz Xaver von Akiewitz -- 18 July 1844
Count C. von der Schulenburg-Blumberg -- 18 July 1844
Ernst Daniel Gottlob von Kottulinsky -- 18 July 1844
Johann Heinrich Fausser -- 18 July 1844
Count Alexander Igelström* -- 18 July 1844
Count Peter Alexandrovich Tolstoi* -- 18 July 1844
Count Ludwig Georg von Wallmoden -- 18 July 1844
Karl Friedrich Bernhard von Belling -- 18 July 1844
Ernst Friedrich von Koschembar -- 18 July 1844
Konrad Philipp von Romberg -- 18 July 1844
Ferdinand Heinrich von Chartron -- 18 July 1844
Friedrich August von Manteuffel -- 18 July 1844
Peter Franz von Haas -- 18 July 1844
Heinrich Friedrich von Ledebur -- 18 July 1844
Friedrich Georg Ludwig von Sohr -- 18 July 1844
Prince Andrei Ivanovich Gortschakov* -- 18 July 1844

1845
Moritz Christof von Steinmetz -- 16 Jan. 1845
Friedrich F. von der Schulenburg -- 12 April 1845
Johann Gottlieb Christian von Kathen -- 26 June 1845

1847
Friedrich Wilhelm von Schlotheim -- 6 March 1847

1857
Heinrich Erdmann Gotthard von Massow -- 13 Jan. 1857
Friedrich Wilhelm von Massow -- 13 Jan. 1857
Wilhelm Emilius Heinrich von Rotberg -- 13 Jan. 1857
Kaspar Heinrich von Wedell -- 13 Jan. 1857
Ludwig Bogislaf Nikolas von Rexin -- 13 Jan. 1857
Friedrich Wilhelm von Teidewitz -- 13 Jan. 1857
Moritz Karl Heinrich von Obernitz -- 13 Jan. 1857
Karl Friedrich Heinrich von Wedell -- 13 Jan. 1857
Friedrich Egidius von Ostau -- 13 Jan. 1857
Friedrich Heinrich von Wrangel -- 13 Jan. 1857
Count zu Dohna-Wartenberg-Schlobitten -- 13 Jan. 1857
Wilhelm Karl Gebhardt -- 13 Jan. 1857
Karl Wilhelm Gustaf von Cosel -- 13 Jan. 1857
Karl Wilhelm Emanuel von Sandrert -- 13 Jan. 1857
Adolf Rudolf von Siegroth -- 13 Jan. 1857
Johann Karl von Petersdorff -- 13 Jan. 1857
Friedrich Wilhelm Arweg von Bülow -- 13 Jan. 1857
Friedrich August von Brandenstein -- 13 Jan. 1857
Julius Friedrich Gottlob von Flemming -- 13 Jan. 1857
Josef Sylvius von der Wolffsburg -- 13 Jan. 1857
Moritz Heinrich von Prittwitz -- 13 Jan. 1857
Count Ernst Ludwig August von Wedell -- 13 Jan. 1857
Friedrich Wilhelm von Lundt -- 13 Jan. 1857
Karl Alexander Adolf von Hirschfeld -- 13 Jan. 1857
August de Constant Rebecque de Villars -- 13 Jan. 1857
Friedrich Wilhelm Magnus von Eberhardt -- 13 Jan. 1857
August Georg Friedrich von Hedemann -- 13 Jan. 1857
Count Karl von der Groeber -- 13 Jan. 1857
Adolf Ernst du Rosey -- 13 Jan. 1857
Johann Wilhelm Ferdinand Reuter -- 13 Jan. 1857
Count Albrecht Ludwig zu Eulenburg -- 13 Jan. 1857
Christian Ferdinand von Steinwehr -- 13 Jan. 1857
Karl Ivanovich von Bremen* -- 12 Dec. 1857

1858
Josef Josefovich Sabir* -- 18 May 1858
Ferdinand von Tornow (Turnau) -- 18 May 1858
Peter Ivanovich Scieptschenko(v)* -- 18 May 1858
Alexei Petrovich Jermolov* -- 18 May 1858
Arseni Andreieovich Sakrevski* -- 18 May 1858
Prince Boris Anton Tshetvertinski* -- 18 May 1858
Freiherr Adam Johann von Bennigsen* -- 18 May 1858
Herman Larlovich Friderici* -- 18 May 1858
Gustaf Viliamovich Nauendorff* -- 18 May 1858
Dmitri Nikitish Begitshev* -- 18 May 1858
Alexander Andreieovich Pegrebov* -- 18 May 1858
Vladimir Ivanovich Olenin* -- 18 May 1858
Konstantin Vladimirovich Rshenskoi* -- 18 May 1858
Dmitri Gavrilovich Radulovich* -- 18 May 1858
Karl Ivanovich Tenner* -- 18 May 1858
Jossif Lvovich Desbout* -- 18 May 1858
Ivan Vassilieovich Dozenkov* -- 18 May 1858
Iliä Petrovich Shivkovovich* -- 18 May 1858
Ivan Savvich Gorgoli* -- 18 May 1858
Peter Alexieieovich Burnashev* -- 18 May 1858
Karl Ivanovich Gunderstrup* -- 18 May 1858
Alexei Sergeieovich Loshkarev* -- 18 May 1858
Alexander Jakovleovich Rashevski* -- 18 May 1858
Alexander Lvovich Chorin* -- 18 May 1858
Nikolai Antonovich Lupadin* -- 18 May 1858
Kyrill Chrestianovich Schele II* -- 18 May 1858

1862
Karl Wilhelm von Wnuck -- 9 Jan. 1862
Philipp Friedrich von Uttenhoven -- 9 Jan. 1862
Hans Wilhelm von Schack -- 9 Jan. 1858
Karl Ludwig Wilhelm Hintzmann -- 9 Jan. 1862
Karl Ludwig Ferdinand von Massow -- 9 Jan. 1862
Rudolf Gottlieb von Uthmann -- 9 Jan. 1862
Karl Adolf Ferdinand von Strantz -- 9 Jan. 1862
Wilhelm Heinrich von Rudorff -- 9 Jan. 1862
Karl Adolf Eduard von Szerdahelyi -- 9 Jan. 1862
Heinrich Ernst Adolf Westphal -- 9 Jan. 1862
Karl Friedrich Franz Dallmer -- 9 Jan. 1862
Heinrich Gottlieb Konrad Heuduch -- 9 Jan. 1862
August Johann Ludwig Elias von Hobe -- 9 Jan. 1862
Vinzentius Ferrerius von Lupinski -- 9 Jan. 1862
Georg Karl Leonhard von Stülpnagel -- 9 Jan. 1862
Friedrich Wilhelm von Dunker -- 9 Jan. 1862
August Friedrich von Kalckreuth -- 9 Jan. 1862

1863
Alexander Andreieovich Stsherbinin* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Vladimir Afanasseovich Obrutshev* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Anton Jevstafieovich Engelhart* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Karl Ivanovich Raben* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Ivan Petrovich Shabelski* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Jevgeni Petrovich Nasimov* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Pavel Dmitieovich Kisselev* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Baron Dmitri von der Osten-Sacken* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Maxim Maimovich von Grotenhelm* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Sergei Ivanovich Mikulin* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Peter Nikolaieovich Frolov* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Count Matbei Jureovich Vielhorski -- 22 Jan. 1863
Alexander Ivanovich Messing* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Fedor Fedorovich Schubert* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Gustaf Vassilieovich Kronstein* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Karl August (Saxon) Le Coq -- 22 Jan. 1863
Alexander Alexeieovich Pantschulidsev* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Karl Freiherr von dem Bussche-Ippenburg* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Igor Ivanovich Helfreich* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Pavel Fedorovich Vilhelmov* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Prince Alexander Menshikov* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Grigori Nikolaieovich Glinka* -- 22 Jan. 1863
Pontus Voldemar von Knorring* -- 22 March 1863
Ilia Gavrileovich Bibikov* -- 16 Nov. 1863

1864
Fedor Sergieieovich Panutin* -- 3 March 1864
Johann Heinrich Schmaltz (Bayerischer) -- 18 June 1864
Heinrich Karl Wilhelm Küpfer* -- 18 June 1864
Heinrich Hess (Austrian) -- 18 June 1864
Count Eugen Vratislav (Austrian) -- 18 June 1864
Charles Wood (British) -- 18 June 1864
Count Rudolf Ossipovich de Maistre* -- 18 June 1864
Ferdinand Friedrich von Fabecky* -- 18 June 1864
Grigori Andreieovich Fanshave* -- 18 June 1864
Erik Georg Ulfsparre (Swedish) -- 18 June 1864
Ernst Adolf Heinrich von Pfuel -- 18 June 1864
Hans Otto Wachten* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Alexander Vassilieovich Sternhelm* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Baron Nikolai Ivanovich von Korff* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Ivan Michailovich Vikinski* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Anton Ivanovich Antonivski* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Andrei Andreieovich Lechner* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Baron Alexander Stroganov* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Vladimir Ivanovich Jushkov* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Baron Roman Alexandrovich von Salza* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Karl Borissovich von Berg* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Ivan Michailovich Dieiev* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Ivan Lavrentieovich von Sievers* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Pavel Apollonovich Tshertov* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Michail Ivanovich Melnikov* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Sergei Pavlovich Sumarokov* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Larion Michailovich Bibikov* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Sergei Pavolovich Shupov* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Nikolai Petrovich Annenkov* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Christian Nikolaieovich Bushen* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Jakob Vassilieovich Sacharshevski* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Vassili Grigorieovich Tishin* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Vladimir Koshmish Deroshinski* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Friedrich von Patkul* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Ivan Semenovich Timiriasev* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Andrei Antonovich Stahn* -- 25 Oct. 1864
Fedor Fedorovich Burmeister* -- 25 Oct. 1864

1865
Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Berg -- 18 Jan. 1865
Ewald Johann von Kliest* -- 16 Nov. 1865
Nikolai Alexandrovich Chvostovski* -- 16 Nov. 1865
Alexander Dmitrieovich Jermakov* -- 16 Nov. 1865
Fedor Borissovich Klein -- 16 Nov 1865
Prince Sergei Dmitrieovich Urussov* -- 16 Nov 1865
Count Korneli O'Rurk III -- 16 Nov. 1865
Paul Bogdanovich von Kahlen II* -- 16 Nov. 1865
Larl Karlovich Pusin* -- 16 Nov. 1865

1866
Heinrich Christian Schulz (Hessian) -- 20 March 1865

1867
Ivan Andreieovich Vonliarliarski* -- 9 March 1867
Ivan Nikolaieovich Kobiakov* -- 9 March 1867
Vassili Alexandrovich Bibikov* -- 9 March 1867
Adam Jakovleovich Dsitshkanez* -- 9 March 1867
Peter Petrovich Barishnikov* -- 9 March 1867
Alexander Sergieieovich Stremouchov* -- 9 March 1867
Baron Karl Karlovich von Arpshofen* -- 9 March 1867
Alexander Matvieieovich Muromzov* -- 9 March 1867
Peter Alexandrovich Velenin* -- 9 March 1867
Pavel Sergieieovich Shishkin* -- 9 March 1867
Ivan Ivanovich Reich* -- 9 March 1867
Peter Ivanovich Shishkov (Shishkin)* -- 9 March 1867
Igor Christoforovich von der Hoven* -- 9 March 1867

1870
G. zu Ysenburg-Philippseich (Bayerischer) -- 27 Jan. 1870
Prince Sergei Dmitrieovich Gortshakov* -- 24 March 1870
Vladimir Nikolaieovich Lermantov* -- 4 May 1870

1871
Sergei Petrovich Nekludov* -- 18 April 1871

1872
Count August Bellegarde (Austrian) -- 14 Dec. 1872

1879
Karl Freiherr von Reitzenstein -- 18 Jan. 1878

1881
Karl von Seydlitz und Kurzbach -- 24 Sept. 1881

1889
Count Hellmuth von Moltke -- 29 Nov. 1889 -- awarded with diamonds

1899
Prince of Saxony Albert -- 15 July 1899



* Indicates a Russian recipient




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