Franz Bopp

Born: 14 September 1791 in Mainz

Died: 23 October 1867 in Berlin

A celebrated German philologist and Sanskrit scholar, born in Mainz. In 1821 he became professor of philology and Oriental literature at the University of Berlin. For his pioneering analysis of the grammatical forms of the Indo-European languages, he became known as the founder of the science of comparative philology. As a professor at the Univ. of Berlin from 1821 to 1864, he did research in many languages and earned a great reputation as a scholar by demonstrating the relationship of the Indo-European languages in his Vergleichende Grammatik [ A Comparative Grammar of the Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Slavonic Languages (1833-1852; trans. 1856). ]